READ Global Blog - The Library Log: On Proverty and Education in Rural Asia

Published: Wednesday, 30 November -0001

Global Rural Poverty


1 Inequality between the wealthiest and poorest people on the planet is shocking. Just 85 people have the same amount of money as almost half of the global population. Imagine what could happen if the world spread the wealth – just $1 a day could double a person’s income.


85 Richest, 3.5 Billion Poorest

2 1 in 4 children in the developing world live below the poverty line, preventing them from doing the things most kids want to do. Instead, they are often forced to drop out of school to help their families with farm and housework.


1/4 Children in Poverty

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3 When most people think of poverty, they imagine someone begging on a sidewalk in a city, or families living in slums. But 75% of poor people in the world actually live in rural villages, living day to day and farming barely enough to feed their families.


Rural Poverty

4 Most people think that a large majority of the world’s poor is in Africa. But in fact, 44% of the world's total poor live in South Asia (533 million people). Within South Asia, two-thirds of people live in extreme poverty, living on less than $2 a day.


2/3 South Asia Poor

5 Imagine what it would be like if half of the women in your family couldn’t read: maybe your mom, your sister, or even you. This is reality in South Asia, where 50% of women cannot read or write, making it extremely difficult to get a job to help lift their families out of poverty.


Half of Women Illiterate

6 Almost 1/3 of people in India live in extreme poverty on less than $1 a day. Imagine if instead of buying a song on iTunes, you gave those 99 cents to a villager in India – it would almost double her income for the day.


1/3 India Extreme Poverty

7 In rural India, ¾ of women do not work, often because they are expected to stay in the home and not pursue their own careers. If a large portion of half of the population is not allowed to participate in the labor force, it is not surprising that a third of the population lives on less than $1 a day.


Indian Female Labor Force

8 Many areas of mountainous rural Nepal have no electricity, which means no way to cook food or heat homes without firewood. Women are given the task to bring back firewood each day, spending 3-4 hours collecting wood when they could be working, taking care of their families, or going to school.


Women Collecting Wood

9 Over half of Bhutanese women are illiterate – they cannot read to their children or promote a culture of reading in their families. Their job prospects are limited to working on the family farm or in the home.


Bhutan Female Illiteracy Rate

10 Information and knowledge are critical to the empowerment of communities, yet around 89% of people in Nepal do not have access to the Internet and are cut off from the outside world. In today’s increasingly globalized job market, computer skills and Internet access are crucial to improving the economic situation of those in poverty.


Access to Internet in Nepal

11 41 out of every 50 people in Nepal live in rural areas, with limited access to jobs, electricity, roads, Internet, and higher education. Compare this to the US, where only 15% of the population lives in rural areas and even these rural areas have access to technology and electricity.


Nepal Rural Population


Helen

About the author:

Helen Greene, READ Global Communications Intern

Helen is a senior at Princeton University studying Comparative Literature. Home for the summer of 2014, she joined READ Global as a Communications Intern, writing blog and social media posts, among other things. She looks forward to a career in the non-profit field focusing on women's empowerment, health, and education.


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